The health-monitoring bracelet that Pramuka Sooriyapatabandige designed can measure important indicators similar to coronary heart charge, pores and skin temperature, blood strain, and blood oxygen saturation. What’s extra, the system must be cheap to fabricate and might be made in his native nation of Sri Lanka, the place entry to well being care may be tough. The bracelet not too long ago received first place within the IEEE Telehealth Digital Pitch Competitors pupil class.
The IEEE pupil member says he was impressed to develop the multipurpose health-monitoring bracelet (MHMB) as a result of noncommunicable, persistent ailments similar to most cancers and coronary heart illness account for 70 % of deaths worldwide, and greater than three-quarters of them happen in creating nations together with Sri Lanka. The South Asian nation is within the midst of an financial disaster, and its well being care system is struggling, in keeping with a U.N. report.
“Once I began this analysis undertaking, I didn’t have a transparent thought of the issues with well being care,” says Sooriyapatabandige, who earned a bachelor’s diploma in electrical and electronics engineering this yr from the College of Jaffna, in Thirunelvely, Sri Lanka. “After taking part within the competitors, I bought entry to a lot materials on distant well being monitoring. I bought to see how a lot work is being carried out, the forms of analysis happening, and the traits. Creating nations barely make use of any of this data, and I believe there’s rather a lot we will do on this subject.”
Some great benefits of a distant system
Folks with persistent situations similar to coronary heart illness and most cancers have their important indicators checked repeatedly. However scheduling an examination with a health care provider may be difficult, particularly for folks residing in creating nations and different areas the place there’s a scarcity of well being care professionals. Appointments may be tough to get, and journey to a medical facility can take a very long time. One answer is to make use of telemedicine to watch sufferers remotely.
Clinics make up the spine of Sri Lanka’s well being care system. To keep away from overcrowding, folks might go to a clinic solely on the day they’ve been assigned, Sooriyapatabandige says. If monitoring important indicators might be finished remotely, he says, it might scale back the variety of folks on the services and liberate the medical employees to deal with these with extra critical situations.
“Strengthening major well being care with a complete, community-based, and family-focused expertise answer might be the important thing for addressing the present well being points in Sri Lanka,” he says. “Dwelling-based monitoring of important well being parameters is essential, and present applied sciences can handle the necessity.”
A cloud-based system that collects real-time knowledge
The prototype of the multipurpose health-monitoring bracelet (MHMB) contains sensors to measure important indicators and makes use of photoplethysmography to measure coronary heart charge. Pramuka Sooriyapatabandige
The MHMB is designed to be a part of a centralized, distant monitoring system. The battery-powered wearable contains sensors to measure important indicators. It makes use of photoplethysmography to measure coronary heart charge and contains the aptitude to acquire single-lead measurements. The bracelet doesn’t have a show and requires solely minimal consideration from the consumer.
It price about US $100 to develop the prototype, Sooriyapatabandige says.
The wearable connects to the cloud by way of Wi-Fi. Medical employees can entry the affected person’s knowledge from the monitoring system or from an app. Sufferers can obtain the app on their cellphone to view the historical past of their readings.
“Dwelling-based monitoring of important well being parameters is essential, and present applied sciences can handle the necessity.”
The bracelet additionally may be related to blood strain displays, glucometers, and different medical units. Sooriyapatabandige says that as a result of the MHMB can hook up with the instruments, the bracelet’s capabilities will not be restricted to solely the measurements that may be made on the wrist. It additionally makes the bracelet a central node, or hub, for the distant patient-monitoring system, which gives connectivity so different units can entry the platform.
The power to hyperlink to the opposite instruments is just not provided by another such wearable, Sooriyapatabandige says.
The system can be utilized in mass-casualty eventualities, he says, similar to checking pure catastrophe victims’ vitals, in addition to different conditions during which there are important challenges in scaling up medical companies.
Scientific trials and a doable patent
Sooriyapatabandige didn’t develop the MHMB on his personal. He labored on the design with classmate Nilojkanth Loganathan and the undertaking’s supervisor, Ragupathyraj Valluvan, a lecturer in electrical and digital engineering on the College of Jaffna. Sooriyapatabandige additionally had help from Rajendra Surenthirakumaran , dean of the college’s medication school, and Sivasothy Shanmugalingam, founding father of DotsHook, a telecommunications firm in Brittany, France.
Sooriyapatabandige and the crew are actually creating a model of the bracelet for scientific trials. The college is submitting a patent utility with the Nationwide Mental Property Workplace of Sri Lanka.
Sooriyapatabandige says he plans to proceed working within the biomedical subject. He’s wanting into Ph.D. applications in embedded techniques improvement, primarily these associated to biomedical purposes.
On the lookout for improvements in telehealth
The IEEE Requirements Affiliation (IEEE SA) held the pitch competitors this yr to hunt out telehealth improvements. The competition was overseen by the IEEE SA Healthcare and Life Sciences Apply and the IEEE SA Remodeling the Telehealth Paradigm Business Connections program.
Entries needed to be reasonably priced and simple to make use of, they usually needed to defend customers’ privateness. In addition they wanted to make use of cheap supplies, be scalable, function with different medical purposes, and adjust to regional regulatory insurance policies. Submissions got here from greater than 106 nations.
After profitable the competitors, Sooriyapatabandige is about to work with a neighborhood IEEE Particular Curiosity Group on Humanitarian Know-how to check the prototype.
He was a visitor speaker in Season 4’s third episode of theIEEE Re-Assume Well being podcast. As well as, he introduced his undertaking on the IEEE Requirements Affiliation’s Remodeling the Telehealth Paradigm occasion.
“New and improved strategies, similar to distant affected person monitoring, result in quite a few benefits and advantages,” he says. “With the intention to make sure that a lot of the world will get to get pleasure from these advantages, it’s important to encourage extra folks and organizations to get entangled in these initiatives. Our undertaking and the IEEE SA Telehealth competitors are each targeted on attaining probably the most out of those applied sciences as early as doable and making them out there to everybody in all places.”
The advantages of IEEE membership
Sooriyapatabandige joined IEEE in 2018. He served as secretary of his college’s IEEE Robotics and Automation Society’s pupil chapter. He organized a number of occasions and collaborated with different IEEE societies.
These alternatives, he says, helped him improve his management and organizational abilities: “I bought to expertise elements of the completely different IEEE societies after which establish what was greatest for me and the place my ardour lies. IEEE additionally gave me quite a few alternatives, together with this competitors, to reinforce my information and abilities in addition to to community with professionals and consultants.”